Water is essential for everyone’s survival. Today, the reckless and overuse of water is a cause of concern thatneeds to be controlled or stopped. For this, water management is necessary, so that water can be used efficiently in the most useful manner taking everyone’s needs in mind. Water management research focuses on the study of water resources and hydrology. The research observes the numerical analysis by various tests and uses them in a way to maximize the benefits.
As the population of the world is increasing rapidly, the water resources today are not enough to meet the needs of the people, affecting the food security and agriculture sector.
Importance of water
This is something that you all have been studying from childhood. Every organism needs water to survive. Without water, there would be no life form. It is used in carrying out daily activities like cooking, bathing, washing, farming, and also for recreational purposes.
Agriculture cannot survive without sufficient water. It is needed for the growth of plants and crops, food, and animals. Thus, water management research has become an inseparable part of agricultural research. There is water involved everywhere you go.
The sources from which water is obtained, are divided into two parts:
- Surface water
This is a mostly used source of water. It is the accumulated freshwater or saltwater on the surface like in rivers, lakes, and seas. The rainwater and water from the melting of glaciers and ice also come in this.
It is the water that is trapped in the underground deep rock basins. The pumped-up water from the ground and hot springs are examples of this source.
Conserving water for water management
There has been increased awareness about the need to conserve water now more than ever. It is not something to talk about on only a single day i.e., world water day, throughout the year. It needs to be talked about more often, and there should be little steps both individually and community-wise for conserving water because every drop counts.
As the population is rising, so is the water pollution and this pollutes water needs to be filtered and used for better water management. It is high time to take a look at how much water is wasted daily with incessant use.
For saving the planet from drying up, everyone needs to take some steps, no matter how small they are.