AED stands for automated external defibrillators. It is a machine that is used to give electric shocks to a patient whose heartbeat gets stopped suddenly and unexpectedly.
It is a device that analyses the heart rhythm and delivers an electric shock to the patient to restore the heart rhythm to normal. It is estimated that almost 5 percent or less of victims of sudden cardiac deaths are successfully rescued in hospitals using the aed machine. The reasons for sudden cardiac arrest are heart attack, electrocution, asphyxiation, etc.
How to use AED:
It is a device that is very easy to use, it is voice-prompted, and you just have to follow its instructions. Firstly, open the machine close to the patient, then press the green button which is the power-on button, and then follow the voice prompt. The placement instructions are given on the pads. Place one of the pads on the chest and the second one below the ribs area and gently push it. Then the machine will command you to stay clear of the patient and will command you whenever the shock is needed. When the shock command comes, press the orange button and the shock will be delivered. You should only pause when the machine asks you to pause. After this, you can continue with CPR.
Reason for AEDs in the workplace:
The workers or the employees may suffer a cardiac arrest while working. Also, AEDs save a lot of precious time and improves the chances of survival as they can be used before the emergency medical service (EMS) personnel arrive. The AED machine provides an electrical shock which might be the only way to restore the heart rhythm in ventricular fibrillation. AED is a convenient, lightweight, compact, safe, battery-operated, and easy-to-use device.
Placement of AED:
The response timing after conveniently installing the AED must be within 3-5 mins only. It should be closed to a confined place where many people are working closely together, such as assembly lines and office buildings, etc. Areas where electric-powered devices are used. Outdoor worksites where there is a risk of lightning. Company fitness units and cafeterias. Remote sites, such as offshore drilling rigs, construction projects, marine vessels, power transmission lines, and energy pipelines.
It costs around $1200-$3000 per device and the training, annual retraining, and administrative costs are additional.
The workers can be trained to recognize sudden cardiac arrests and then they can notify the EMS personnel immediately. They can learn to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Provide early defibrillation with an AED. In the training, they are also trained to care for the patient until the EMS personnel comes.
AED Machines are very helpful in critical conditions. It is conveniently portable and very safe and easy to learn and use.